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10 Figures of Modern Architecture and Their Works

This article will present top figures of Modern Architecture and some of their famous architectural works.

01. Le Corbusier

This architect's Maestro born in La Chaux De Fonds on October 6, 1887 and died on August 1965. He is one of the founders of the modern architecture through several works  streams of modern architectural art which he sparked. Among the works are "Purism" and they are the result of architectural art which is influenced by the art flow of Cubism (box / cube). So that buildings based on this art stream will tend to be boxed if we observed. His famous philosophy was "buildings without ornaments are beautiful". Here are some of his works:
1. Notre Dame du Haut. Ronchamp (1950 - 1954). France
2. Center Le Corbusier (1963 - 1967) France, Zurich, Switzerland
3. Houseat Weisesenhof (1927) Stuttgart, Germany

02. Antonio Gaudi

Antonio Gaudi or his full original name, Antonio Gaudi Cornet was born on June 25, 1852, in Reus, Cataloni, Spain. His adventure in the world of architecture began when he attended school at the Escola Tecnica Superior d’Arquitectura in Barcelona. In 1878, because of the style of art which was still considered original, Eusebi Guell was one of the influential people in Barcelona, ​​interested in Gaudi's work and at the same time as the beginning of Gaudi's acquaintance in the world of modern architecture. His works are as follows:
1. The Temple Expiatori de la Sagrada Família. (1882-1926). Barcelona.
2. Cassa Batillo (1904-1906)
3. Cassa Milla, (1906-1910), Barselona

03. Alvar Aalto

Alvar Aalto or full name Alvar Hugo Hendrik Aalto is a Finnish architect. Alvar Aalto was born in Finland, May 11, 1976. Aalto began to know Architecture knowledge since he began studying at the Helsinki Technical Institute (1916-1921) under Armas Lindgren. His first career began as an exhibition designer. (1916-1921) he also served as head of Finnish Architects. Other works are spelled :
1. Finlandia Hall (1967-1971)
2. Aalto Teater (1983). Essen, Germany
3. Aalto University School of Science and Technology (1849). Helsinki

04. Aguste Peret

Auguste Perret was actually the son of a building contractor, born in Ixelles near Brussels on February 12, 1874. His first design theories were obtained from reading the work of Emmanuel Eugène Viollet-le-Duc, which advocated the reintegration of architectural and construction techniques, which had gone the way separated in the 19th century. Perret studied at the École des Beaux-Arts (1891-1895) in Paris at Julien Guadet's studio. Perret went without a degree and joined his father's company. in 1905, he succeeded in designing architectural works of art which he named Perret Freres. Perret Freres are both designed in separate buildings and are run by other people's designs in reinforced concrete. Here are among his works:
1. Rue Franklin Apartement, (1902-1904, Paris
2. Garage Pontiue, (1905), Paris
3. Theater des Champ-Elyes, (1913), Paris

05. Frank Lioyd Wright

Frank Lloyd Wright was born on June 8, 1867 and died on April 9, 1959. He was a famous architect from the early 1900s. His house is famous for the nickname Robbie House, whose layout is like a complicated road network and geometric stained glass windows. Complete information about Robbie House can be read in the book The Wright 3 by Blue Balliet. He developed a series of very individual styles, so that his style greatly influenced the design of buildings around the world, and so far he is still a famous architect from the United States.

Wright was also famous throughout his life because his personal life was colored and often made headlines. Like his story about the failure of his first marriage and burning and murder at his Taliesin studio in 1914. Here are among his works:
1. Frank LIyd Wright studio (1889)
2. Taliesnl Spring Gren Wisconsin (1911)
3. Falling Water, bear run, Pennsylvania (1935-1937)

06. Hendrik Petrus Berlage

Berlage was born in 1856 and died in 1943 at the Hag. After traveling as many as 870 along the continental Europe. In the 1880s he formed a partnership in the Netherlands with Theodore Sanders which resulted in a combination of practical and utopian projects. One writer wrote, Berlage held an architecture community membership conference (CIAM).

The Berlage design style is much influenced by Henry Hobson Richardson's Neo-Romanesque brick architecture and this can be seen from a combination of iron structures combined with brick in the Three Gecko castle building of Domenechi Montaner. Because of his works he was nicknamed as "the Father of Modern Architecture" in the Netherlands and an intermediary between Traditionalist and Modernist. Here are among his works:
1. Stock wxchabge, (1898-1903), Amsterdan
2. Holan House (1943)
3. The beure van Berkage, (1896-1903), Amsterdam

07. Kenzo Tange

Kenzo Tange was born in Osaka, Japan in 1913. He graduated from the University of Tokyo in 1938 and worked for Kunio Maekawa until 1941. He studied urban planning in graduate school at the University of Tokyo after which he was appointed as assistant professor of architecture. He received a degree in engineering in 1959. Two years later founded Tange Kenzo Tange and Urtec which later became Kenzo Tange Associates. He served as a professor of urban engineering at the University of Tokyo from 1963-1974, when he retired as a professor emeritus. Here are among his works:
1. St. Marry’s Cathedral, (1964), Tokyo
2. Yamanashi Broadcasting and Perss Center, (1966), Kofu
3. United Overseas Bank, (1986), Singapore

08. Louis Henry Sulivan

Louis Henry Sullivan was born 3 September 1856 and died on April 14, 1924. Louis Sullivan was born to an Irish father and his Swiss mother both emigrated to the United States in the 1840s. He grew up living with his grandmother in South (Wakefield), Massachusetts. Louis spent most of his childhood learning about nature, while at the farm of his grandparents. He is an American architect, and has been called ". Father of skyscrapers "and father of modern architects. He is considered by many as the creator of modern skyscrapers, as well as an influential architect and critic of the Chicago School, a mentor to Frank Lloyd Wright. His works include the following:
1. Aditorium Building (1887-1890), Chicago
2. Carrie Eliza Getty Tomb, Graceland Cemetery, (1890), Chicago
3. Wainwright Building, (1890), St. Louis

09. Water Grophius

Walter Adolph Georg Gropius was born in Berlin on May 18, 1883 and died on July 5, 1969. Walter Gropius was the third child of Walter Adolph Gropius and Manon Auguste Pauline Scharnweber. Gropius married Alma Mahler (1879-1964), widow of Gustav Mahler.

Then from the wedding they were blessed with a daughter named Manon. Walter Gropius is a German architect and founder of the Bauhaus school along with Ludwig Mies van der Rohe and Le Corbusier, widely regarded as one of the pioneering masters of modern architecture, whose works include the following:
1 The Fagus Faktiry, (1910-1911), Germany
2 Offis and Factory Buildings at The Webund Exhibition, (1914), Germany
3 Competition Entery for the Chicago Tribune Tower (1922)

10. Ludwig Mies Van der Roche

Ludwig Mies van der Rohe was born March 27, 1886 died on August 17, 1969. He was an architect of German-American blood. By his frequent friends he is often called Mies. along with Walter Gropius and Le Corbusier, widely regarded as one of the pioneers of Modern architecture. Then during post World War I, he tried to establish a new architectural style that could represent modern times such as classical and Gothic. he created an influential 20th-century architectural style, expressed with extreme clarity and simplicity.

The building of his work utilizes many modern materials such as the steel industry and glass plates to define interior space. he strives for architecture with a minimal framework that is structurally balanced against the freedom implied free-flowing open space. He called the building "architectural and leather" architecture.
1. German Pavilion International (1929)
2. Tugendhat House (1930)
3. Frasworth House Chicago, (1940), USA

Reference:
  • http://www.arsitur.com
  • http://www.perkuliahan.com/
  • http://www.wikipedia.com

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